Is Bacterial Or Viral Meningitis More Contagious?

What should I do if I have been exposed to bacterial meningitis?

If you think your baby or child has any of these symptoms, call the doctor right away.

Symptoms of bacterial meningitis can appear quickly or over several days.

Typically they develop within 3 to 7 days after exposure.

Later symptoms of bacterial meningitis can be very serious (e.g., seizures, coma)..

Do meningitis patients need isolation?

Meningococcal meningitis patients should be placed on droplet precautions (private room, mask for all entering the room) until they have completed 24 hours of appropriate antibiotic therapy. Negative pressure ventilation is not required. Patients with pneumococcal or viral meningitis do not require isolation.

What are the long term side effects of viral meningitis?

Long-term effects and outlookblindness.deafness.seizures.fluid around the brain (hydrocephalus)brain damage.learning difficulties.

Does viral meningitis weaken your immune system?

Without that receptor, the body would struggle to detect and fight other infections later on. These studies show that meningitis can permanently affect the body’s immune system. We now know that even beyond immediate life-threatening problems, meningitis can cause other issues down the road.

What part of neck hurts with meningitis?

A headache caused by meningitis is typically described as severe and unrelenting. It does not subside by taking an aspirin. Stiff neck. This symptom most commonly involves a reduced ability to flex the neck forward, also called nuchal rigidity.

How long does it take to recover from viral meningitis?

In most cases, there is no specific treatment for viral meningitis. Most people who get mild viral meningitis usually recover completely in 7 to 10 days without treatment.

Can viral meningitis come back?

Definition according to the US Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center for recurrent viral meningitis (Mollaret’s): “Mollaret meningitis (recurrent viral meningitis) is a rare type of viral meningitis that is characterized by repeated episodes of fever, stiff neck (meningismus), muscle aches, and severe headaches …

How easily is bacterial meningitis spread?

People spread meningococcal bacteria to other people by sharing respiratory and throat secretions (saliva or spit). Generally, it takes close (for example, coughing or kissing) or lengthy contact to spread these bacteria. Fortunately, they are not as contagious as germs that cause the common cold or the flu.

How can you tell the difference between viral and bacterial meningitis?

The clues that the doctor uses are the levels of white cells, protein and glucose in the CSF. Typically in bacterial meningitis the white cell count is much higher than in viral meningitis (and is a different type of white cell), the protein is much higher and the glucose is much lower than in viral meningitis.

Can you catch viral meningitis from someone else?

Viral meningitis is the most common type, but it’s not usually life-threatening. The enteroviruses that cause meningitis can spread through direct contact with saliva, nasal mucus, or feces. They easily spread through coughing and sneezing.

How long are you contagious with bacterial meningitis?

Bacterial meningitis is usually less contagious than viral; depending on the bacterial genus causing the infection, it may be contagious during the incubation period and for about an additional seven to 14 days. And they can be contagious for much longer (many days to months) if the person becomes a carrier.