Question: What Is Nervous System And Its Function?

What are the main functions of the nervous system?

The nervous system has three overlapping functions based on sensory input, integration, and motor output.

At a more integrative level, the primary function of the nervous system is to control and communicate information throughout the body..

What are the 4 main functions of the nervous system?

The four main functions of the nervous system are:Control of body’s internal environment to maintain ‘homeostasis’ An example of this is the regulation of body temperature. … Programming of spinal cord reflexes. An example of this is the stretch reflex. … Memory and learning. … Voluntary control of movement.

What is nervous system and its parts?

The nervous system consists of the brain, spinal cord, sensory organs, and all of the nerves that connect these organs with the rest of the body. Together, these organs are responsible for the control of the body and communication among its parts.

What is nervous system detail?

The nervous system is a complex collection of nerves and specialized cells known as neurons that transmit signals between different parts of the body. It is essentially the body’s electrical wiring. Structurally, the nervous system has two components: the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system.

What are 3 common nervous system disorders?

Nervous system diseasesAlzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer’s disease affects brain function, memory and behaviour. … Bell’s palsy. Bell’s palsy is a sudden weakness or paralysis of facial muscles on one side of the face. … Cerebral palsy. … Epilepsy. … Motor neurone disease (MND) … Multiple sclerosis (MS) … Neurofibromatosis. … Parkinson’s disease.More items…

How does the nervous system works in the human body?

The nervous system takes in information through our senses, processes the information and triggers reactions, such as making your muscles move or causing you to feel pain. For example, if you touch a hot plate, you reflexively pull back your hand and your nerves simultaneously send pain signals to your brain.

What is nervous system short answer?

The nervous system is a system in the body which sends signals around the body. It lets people and animals respond to what is around them. The central nervous system is the brain, the spinal cord, and nerves. It is present in most animals. … The brain has billions of nerve cells to help think, walk, and breathe.

What is nervous system in human body?

The nervous system is a complex network of nerves and cells that carry messages to and from the brain and spinal cord to various parts of the body.

How important is the nervous system?

The nervous system plays a role in nearly every aspect of our health and well-being. It guides everyday activities such as waking up; automatic activities such as breathing; and complex processes such as thinking, reading, remembering, and feeling emotions. The nervous system controls: Brain growth and development.

What are the 3 types of nervous system?

There are three types of nerves in your body: autonomic nerves, motor nerves, and sensory nerves.

Who discovered the nervous system?

HerophilusHerophilus was the first to examine and report on the structure of the nervous system. He was able to do this by dissecting human cadavers [19], a practice that was in many places abandoned until the sixteenth century CE [20]. This method allowed him to make many discoveries.

What are the characteristics of the nervous system?

Nervous tissue is one of four major classes of tissues. It is specialized tissue found in the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system. It consists of neurons and supporting cells called neuroglia. The nervous system is responsible for the control of the body and the communication among its parts.