Quick Answer: What Is The Main Cause Of Cervical Cancer?

What is the main cause of cervical cancer quizlet?

HPV 16 and 18 are responsible for the majority (70% internationally; 80% in Australia) of cervical cancers.

HPV 6 and 11 are responsible for 90% of genital warts.

(Another vaccine called Cervarix is available, which protects against the same two high-risk HPV types (types 16 and 18)..

Can cervical cancer be cured completely?

Cervical cancer is often curable if it’s diagnosed at an early stage. When cervical cancer is not curable, it’s often possible to slow its progression, prolong lifespan and relieve any associated symptoms, such as pain and vaginal bleeding. This is known as palliative care.

Will I die from cervical cancer?

It happens less often than it used to, but yes, it’s possible to die from cervical cancer. The American Cancer Society (ACS) estimates that about 4,250 people in the United States will die from cervical cancer in 2019.

How long do you have to live if you have cervical cancer?

The chances of living for at least five years after being diagnosed with cervical cancer are: stage 1 – 80-99% stage 2 – 60-90%

Can poor hygiene cause cervical cancer?

Cervical cancer is the most common cancer in developing world and 80% of global burden is reported from these nations. Human papillomavirus along with poverty, illiteracy/lower education level and standards, multi-parity, tobacco, malnutrition and poor genital hygiene may act synergistically to cause cervical cancer.

Who is most likely to get cervical cancer?

Cervical cancer is most frequently diagnosed in women between the ages of 35 and 44 with the average age at diagnosis being 50 . It rarely develops in women younger than 20. Many older women do not realize that the risk of developing cervical cancer is still present as they age.

Can you get cervical cancer if you are not sexually active?

All women who have ever been sexually active are at risk for developing cervical cancer. This is because sexual activity potentially exposes you to HPV. Women who have never been sexually active rarely develop cervical cancer.

Is there pain with cervical cancer?

Other symptoms of cervical cancer may include pain and discomfort during sex, unusual or unpleasant vaginal discharge, and pain in your lower back or pelvis.

What can be mistaken for cervical cancer?

One situation sometimes seen by clinicians performing pelvic exams for abnormal bleeding that can be confused with cervical cancer is a prolapsed uterine fibroid. In this situation a large mass is seen on pelvic exam coming from the cervix. Again a biopsy if the diagnosis is uncertain will provide clarity.

What is the greatest risk factor for cervical cancer quizlet?

Terms in this set (37)genital HPV infection.high parity.cigarette smoking.early oral contraceptive use.poor diet – vitamin A or C deficiency.low socioeconomic class.

What are cervical cancer risk factors quizlet?

Infection with HPV is a risk factor for cervical cancer. Strains 16 and 18 are the high-risk HPV types, causing most cases of cervical cancer. Uterine polyps and nulliparity are risk factors for endometrial cancers.

Which is a risk factor for ovarian cancer quizlet?

Risk factors for ovarian cancer include increasing age, family history, nulliparity or first birth after age 35, infertility, early menarche, late menopause, white race, and high-fat diets. Smoking does not seem to increase risk.

What happens to your body when you have cervical cancer?

What Is Cervical Cancer? Cervical cancer happens when cells change in women’s cervix, which connects thier uterus with vagina. This cancer can affect the deeper tissues of their cervix and may spread to other parts of their body (metastasize), often the lungs, liver, bladder, vagina, and rectum.

What was your first cervical cancer symptom?

The first identifiable symptoms of cervical cancer are likely to include: Abnormal vaginal bleeding, such as after intercourse, between menstrual periods, or after menopause; menstrual periods may be heavier and last longer than normal. Pain during intercourse. Vaginal discharge and odor.

How do they remove cervical cancer?

Options might include:Surgery to cut away the cancer only. For a very small cervical cancer, it might be possible to remove the cancer entirely with a cone biopsy. … Surgery to remove the cervix (trachelectomy). … Surgery to remove the cervix and uterus (hysterectomy).

What is the best treatment for cervical cancer?

Treatment of recurrent cervical cancer may include the following:Immunotherapy.Radiation therapy and chemotherapy.Chemotherapy and targeted therapy.Chemotherapy as palliative therapy to relieve symptoms caused by the cancer and improve quality of life.Pelvic exenteration.More items…•

What is the smell of cervical cancer?

If cervical cancer lacks oxygen, some cells may die off, infecting the tumor. The infection creates a foul smelling vaginal discharge, which serves as another sign of cervical cancer.

What is cervical cancer pain like?

Pain in your lower back or between your hipbones Sometimes we feel pain in our lower back or between our hipbones for a reason, like pulling a muscle or having a period.

What are the causes of cervical cancer and who is at risk?

What Are the Risk Factors for Cervical Cancer?Having HIV (the virus that causes AIDS) or another condition that makes it hard for your body to fight off health problems.Smoking.Using birth control pills for a long time (five or more years).Having given birth to three or more children.Having several sexual partners.

Is Stage 4 cervical cancer curable?

Cervical cancer diagnosed in this stage is often difficult to treat, and a small minority of patients are cured of disease.

Can a man give a woman cervical cancer?

Cervical cancer is not infectious. Your partner can’t catch it from you. This can be confusing because cervical cancer is linked to the human papilloma virus (HPV). This virus increases the risk of some cancers and can be passed between sexual partners.