Quick Answer: Which Communicable Diseases Are Most Difficult To Block The Spread Of?

What diseases are spread through bodily fluids?

Examples of diseases spread through blood or other body fluids:hepatitis B – blood, saliva, semen and vaginal fluids.hepatitis C – blood.human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection – blood, semen and vaginal fluids, breastmilk.cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection – saliva, semen and vaginal fluids, urine, etc.More items….

What is the most effective way to prevent infection?

Hand washing is the single most effective way to prevent the spread of infections. You can spread certain “germs” (a general term for microbes like viruses and bacteria) casually by touching another person.

How do you prevent airborne diseases?

What you can do to prevent spreading an airborne diseaseAvoid close contact with people who have active symptoms of disease.Stay home when you’re sick. … If you must be around others, wear a face mask to prevent spreading or breathing in germs.Cover your mouth when you cough or sneeze.More items…

What kind of diseases are contagious?

Keep these eight highly contagious diseases on your radar and find out how to prevent them.COVID-19. … Norovirus (“Stomach Flu”) … Influenza. … Meningitis. … Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease (HFMD) … Pertussis. … Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) … MRSA.More items…

What are 3 ways communicable diseases are spread?

Some ways in which communicable diseases spread are by:Physical contact with an infected person, e.g. through touch (staphylococcus), sexual contact (gonorrhoea, HIV), faecal/oral transmission (hepatitis A), or droplet (influenza)Contact with a contaminated surfaces or objects (Norovirus), food (salmonella, E.More items…

What are the 4 types of communicable diseases?

Communicable diseasesInfluenza. Norovirus. Mumps. Tuberculosis.Pertussis. Zika virus. West Nile virus.Ebola. Chikungunya virus. Coronavirus (COVID-19)

What are the 6 modes of transmission?

Modes of transmissionDirect. Direct contact. Droplet spread.Indirect. Airborne. Vehicleborne. Vectorborne (mechanical or biologic)

What are the 4 main pathogens?

There are different types of pathogens, but we’re going to focus on the four most common types: viruses, bacteria, fungi, and parasites.

What is the most common communicable disease?

The 5 Most Common Infectious DiseasesHepatitis B. According to current statistics, hepatitis B is the most common infectious disease in the world, affecting some 2 billion people — that’s more than one-quarter of the world’s population. … Malaria. … Hepatitis C. … Dengue. … Tuberculosis.

Which highly communicable disease is considered a global health issue?

Communicable diseases remain a major global public health threat worldwide. For example, malaria and HIV/AIDS are mass killers, with the populations in poor countries being hit the hardest.

What are the 5 ways to prevent lifestyle diseases?

Tips to prevent lifestyle diseasesEat more of green veggies, fresh fruits, calcium & fiber rich foods.Switch to whole grain/multi grain flour.Reduce your portion size and eat at regular intervals (every 2 hours)Eliminate or at least try to limit the consumption of oily food.Replace junk food with healthy snacks.Drink plenty of water.

What are the 10 non communicable diseases?

Noncommunicable diseases kill around 40 million people each year. This is about 70 percent of all deaths worldwide….Chronic respiratory diseasechronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)asthma.occupational lung diseases, such as black lung.pulmonary hypertension.cystic fibrosis.

What is the most effective method to control the spread of communicable disease?

Keeping personal hygiene, like taking a daily bath and washing your hands frequently. Hand washing with soap and water is the simplest and one of the most effective ways to prevent transmission of many communicable diseases (Figure 2.5). The times when hands must be washed are indicated in Box 2.4.

What are the top 3 communicable diseases?

List of Communicable Diseases2019-nCoV.CRE.Ebola.Enterovirus D68.Flu.Hantavirus.Hepatitis A.Hepatitis B.More items…

How can I live a disease for free?

Once you’ve got those down, move on to the others.Maintain a Healthy Weight. … Exercise Regularly. … Don’t Smoke. … Eat a Healthy Diet. … Drink Alcohol Only in Moderation, If at All. … Protect Yourself from the Sun. … Protect Yourself From Sexually Transmitted Infections. … Get Screening Tests.

How can we prevent the spread of communicable diseases?

Decrease your risk of infecting yourself or others:Wash your hands often. … Get vaccinated. … Use antibiotics sensibly. … Stay at home if you have signs and symptoms of an infection. … Be smart about food preparation. … Disinfect the ‘hot zones’ in your residence. … Practice safer sex. … Don’t share personal items.More items…

What are 10 strategies to help prevent communicable diseases?

Healthy Habits#1 Handle & Prepare Food Safely. Food can carry germs. … #2 Wash Hands Often. … #3 Clean & Disinfect Commonly Used Surfaces. … #4 Cough and Sneeze into a Tissue or Your Sleeve. … #5 Don’t Share Personal Items. … #6 Get Vaccinated. … #7 Avoid Touching Wild Animals. … #8 Stay Home When Sick.

What diseases that has no cure what are the ways to prevent it?

HIV/AIDS – No cure exists for HIV/AIDS, but medication exists that can help control the symptoms of it. Huntington’s disease – Inherited disease that causes the progressive breakdown (degeneration) of nerve cells in the brain. Hydrocephalus – No cure exists for this (physical)neurological disorder.