What Are The Normal Constituents Present In Your Urine And Their Normal Value?

What color urine is bad?

If you have visible blood in your urine, or if your urine is colored light pink or dark red, see a doctor right away.

This can be a sign of a serious health condition and should be diagnosed as soon as possible.

Orange urine can also be a symptom of a serious health condition, including kidney and bladder disease..

What color is your urine if you have kidney problems?

When kidneys are failing, the increased concentration and accumulation of substances in urine lead to a darker color which may be brown, red or purple. The color change is due to abnormal protein or sugar, high levels of red and white blood cells, and high numbers of tube-shaped particles called cellular casts.

What are abnormalities in urine?

Abnormal urine color may be caused by infection, disease, medicines, or food you eat. Cloudy or milky urine is a sign of a urinary tract infection, which may also cause a bad smell. Milky urine may also be caused by bacteria, crystals, fat, white or red blood cells, or mucus in the urine.

What are normal and abnormal constituents of urine?

Other constituents include urea, chloride, sodium, potassium, creatinine and other dissolved ions, and inorganic and organic compounds. Urea is a non-toxic molecule made of toxic ammonia and carbon dioxide. Any abnormal constituents found in urine are an indication of disease.

What is the normal report of urine test?

Laboratory Testing Normal ValuesUrine AnalysisSpecific gravity1010-1030Leukocyte esteraseNegativeNitritesNegativeProteinNegative or traces (< 30 mg/dl)20 more rows

What is a positive urine test?

ANSWER. If your urine test is positive, it means your kidneys can no longer filter your blood as well as they should. It also shows you have blood vessel disease that could lead to heart problems.

Is urine acidic or basic?

According to the American Association for Clinical Chemistry, the average value for urine pH is 6.0, but it can range from 4.5 to 8.0. Urine under 5.0 is acidic, and urine higher than 8.0 is alkaline, or basic. Different laboratories may have different ranges for “normal” pH levels.

What is the normal range of RBC in urine test?

Normal Values A normal result is 4 RBC/HPF (red blood cells per high power field) or less. The examples above are common measurements for results of these tests. Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories.

What are the diseases associated with the study of urine?

Examples of urinary disorders include cancers of the urinary tract, incontinence (inability to control urine flow), interstitial cystitis, kidney stones, kidney failure, and urinary tract infections.

What are the normal constituents of urine quizlet?

Healthy urine consists of water, ammonia, potassium, hydrogen, little sodium, little creatine, little uric acid and urea and little bilirubin, if any of these substance is present in too much (or to little) quanity then it becomes unhealthy. Substances not normally in urine-glucose, protein, RBC, WBC and hemoglobin.

What is found in a normal urine sample?

Some examples include glucose, protein, bilirubin, red blood cells, white blood cells, crystals, and bacteria. They may be present because: There is an elevated level of the substance in the blood and the body responds by trying to eliminate the excess in the urine. Kidney disease is present.

What is the name of urine test?

Urinalysis is the physical, chemical, and microscopic examination of urine.

How do you read a urine report?

Dipstick testAcidity (pH). The pH level indicates the amount of acid in urine. … Concentration. A measure of concentration, or specific gravity, shows how concentrated particles are in your urine. … Protein. Low levels of protein in urine are normal. … Sugar. … Ketones. … Bilirubin. … Evidence of infection. … Blood.

What are the constituents of normal urine?

Normal urine has various organic and inorganic constituents. The normal inorganic constituents are chloride, phosphates, sulphates, calcium, etc., while organic constituents are urea, uric acid, and creatinine.

What should not be found in urine?

Red blood cells, white blood cells, protein, glucose and amino acids should be kept in the blood. These components should not be present in urine. water and salt is needed by the body and will remain in the blood.