What Is The Most Effective Way Of Preventing Cross Infection?

How can we protect ourselves from infectious diseases?

Learn these healthy habits to protect yourself from disease and prevent germs and infectious diseases from spreading.Handle & Prepare Food Safely.

Wash Hands Often.

Clean & Disinfect Commonly Used Surfaces.

Cough & Sneeze Into Your Sleeve.

Don’t Share Personal Items.

Get Vaccinated.

Avoid Touching Wild Animals.More items….

What are 3 specific actions you can take to help avoid chronic disease?

Here are 10 ways to reduce risks of chronic disease:Nutrition – you are what you eat. One of the ways to reduce these risks is to change what and when you eat. … Exercise. … Rest. … Stop smoking. … Control your blood pressure. … Limit your intake of alcohol. … Reduce stress. … Get regular check-ups.More items…•

What is standard precautions infection control?

Standard precautions are a set of infection control practices used to prevent transmission of diseases that can be acquired by contact with blood, body fluids, non-intact skin (including rashes), and mucous membranes.

What are the basic infection control?

Infection Control BasicsDisinfection and sterilization.Environmental infection control.Hand hygiene.Isolation precautions.Multidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO)Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI)Intravascular catheter-related infection (BSI)Organ transplantation.More items…

What are the five key ways in which infection can spread?

Infections can be spread through these 5 different ways:Physical contact. Infections, especially skin contagions, are spread by direct physical contact. … Droplet spreading. Colds, strep throat etc. … Contaminated items. … Bowel movements. … Exposure to blood.

What diseases are carried in body fluids?

Examples of diseases spread through blood or other body fluids:hepatitis B – blood, saliva, semen and vaginal fluids.hepatitis C – blood.human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection – blood, semen and vaginal fluids, breastmilk.cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection – saliva, semen and vaginal fluids, urine, etc.More items…

What are the 3 methods of infection control?

There are three types of transmission-based precautions: contact, droplet, and airborne. Contact precautions are used in addition to standard precautions when caring for patients with known or suspected diseases that are spread by direct or indirect contact.

What are the four major methods of infection control?

4 Steps for Infection Prevention and ControlWash Your Hands. Nurses’ hands require near constant cleaning with soap and water or antibacterial gel. … Protect Clean Surfaces. Everything a nurse touches has the potential to spread germs or infectious illness. … Promote Vaccinations. … Know Proper Procedures and Protocol.

What are the two basic goals of infection control?

The two basic goals of infection control are to protect the patient and health care personnel from infection. Infection control starts with standard precautions. Standard precautions are the methods recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for preventing the transmission of infections.

How do you prevent cross infection?

Five Things You Can Do To Prevent InfectionClean Your Hands. Use soap and warm water. … Make sure health care providers clean their hands or wear gloves. … Cover your mouth and nose. … If you are sick, avoid close contact with others. … Get shots to avoid disease and fight the spread of infection.

What are 3 ways to help prevent getting an infectious disease?

Preventing the Spread of Infectious DiseasesWash your hands often. … Get vaccinated. … Use antibiotics sensibly. … Stay at home if you have signs and symptoms of an infection. … Be smart about food preparation. … Disinfect the ‘hot zones’ in your residence. … Practice safer sex. … Don’t share personal items.More items…

What is the main route to spread infection?

The transmission of microorganisms can be divided into the following five main routes: direct contact, fomites, aerosol (airborne), oral (ingestion), and vectorborne. Some microorganisms can be transmitted by more than one route.

How can you educate patients against the spread of infection?

Six Steps to Educating Patients About Infection ControlStart with the basics. … Make the patient comfortable. … Help the patient become an active participant. … Let patients know what their care should look like as well. … Don’t forget about high-risk patients. … Understand the patient’s rights to education.

What are the 5 standard precautions for infection control?

Standard PrecautionsHand hygiene.Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, masks, eyewear).Respiratory hygiene / cough etiquette.Sharps safety (engineering and work practice controls).Safe injection practices (i.e., aseptic technique for parenteral medications).Sterile instruments and devices.More items…

What is the most effective level of infection control?

They are the basic level of infection control precautions which are to be used, as a minimum, in the care of all patients. Hand hygiene is a major component of standard precautions and one of the most effective methods to prevent transmission of pathogens associated with health care.

What are the 4 main universal precautions?

Standard Precautions apply to 1) blood; 2) all body fluids, secretions, and excretions, except sweat, regardless of whether or not they contain visible blood; 3) non-intact skin; and 4) mucous membranes.

What are the 5 modes of disease transmission?

Modes of transmissionDirect. Direct contact. Droplet spread.Indirect. Airborne. Vehicleborne. Vectorborne (mechanical or biologic)