What Is The Usual Cause Of Acute Pyelonephritis Quizlet?

Is pyelonephritis a sexually transmitted disease?

Risk factors for kidney infection are pregnancy, sexual intercourse, a history of urinary tract infection, spermicide use, kidney stones, use of urinary catheters, diabetes, and surgery or instrumentation of the urinary tract.

Kidney infections are not contagious..

What is the best treatment for pyelonephritis?

Outpatient oral antibiotic therapy with a fluoroquinolone is successful in most patients with mild uncomplicated pyelonephritis. Other effective alternatives include extended-spectrum penicillins, amoxicillin-clavulanate potassium, cephalosporins, and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole.

What activity will help preserve kidney function?

Keep active and fit It can also reduce your blood pressure and boost your heart health, which are both important to preventing kidney damage. You don’t have to run marathons to reap the reward of exercise. Walking, running, cycling, and even dancing are great for your health.

Which of the following clients is at greatest risk for developing a urinary tract infection UTI )?

Women who are elderly, are pregnant, or have preexisting urinary tract structural abnormalities or obstruction carry a higher risk of UTI. UTIs are the most common type of infection following renal transplantation. Susceptibility is especially high in the first 2 months following transplantation.

What are the clinical manifestations of acute pyelonephritis quizlet?

mild fatigue, chills, fever, vomitting, malaise(feeling of general discomfort), flank pain, and the LUTS charateristic of cystitis including dysuria, urinary urgency and frequency.

How long does it take to recover from acute pyelonephritis?

Treating pyelonephritis Although drugs can cure the infection within 2 to 3 days, the medication must be taken for the entire prescription period (usually 10 to 14 days).

What does pyelonephritis pain feel like?

The two primary symptoms of pyelonephritis are pain in one flank, the area just beneath the lower ribs in the back, and fever. The pain can travel around the side toward the lower abdomen. There also can be shaking chills and nausea and vomiting.

Can you have pyelonephritis without UTI?

Sometimes pyelonephritis can occur without a bladder infection. If your urinary tract or kidney gets blocked, for example by a kidney stone or an enlarged prostate, you are more likely to get pyelonephritis. This is because bacteria can then start to grow in the trapped urine.

What is the usual cause of acute pyelonephritis?

The main cause of acute pyelonephritis is gram-negative bacteria, the most common being Escherichia coli. Other gram-negative bacteria which cause acute pyelonephritis include Proteus, Klebsiella, and Enterobacter.

How can you tell the difference between UTI and pyelonephritis?

A urinary tract infection is inflammation of the bladder and/or the kidneys almost always caused by bacteria that moves up the urethra and into the bladder. If the bacteria stay in the bladder, this is a bladder infection. If the bacteria go up to the kidneys, it is called a kidney infection or pyelonephritis.

What causes pyelonephritis quizlet?

Pyelonephritis is an acute infection and inflammatory disease of the upper urinary tract of one or both kidneys. … Pyelonephritis is an ascending infection from the bladder usually caused by E. coli and other gram-negative bacteria. Gram-positive are less common.

What is the best antibiotic for kidney infection?

Drugs commonly recommended for simple UTIs include:Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim, Septra, others)Fosfomycin (Monurol)Nitrofurantoin (Macrodantin, Macrobid)Cephalexin (Keflex)Ceftriaxone.

How do you get acute pyelonephritis?

Most cases of acute pyelonephritis occur when bacteria, that are present in the gastrointestinal tract, come into contact with the urethra, move into the bladder and travel upward from the bladder to the kidneys.

What are the symptoms of acute pyelonephritis?

Symptoms & Causes of Kidney Infection (Pyelonephritis)chills.fever.pain in your back, side, or groin.nausea.vomiting.cloudy, dark, bloody, or foul-smelling urine.frequent, painful urination.