What Kind Of Diseases Are There?

What are the 10 most common diseases?

Heart disease.

Share on Pinterest Many of the top 10 causes of death are preventable through lifestyle changes and regular checkups.

Cancer.

Deaths in 2017: 599,108.

Unintentional injuries.

Chronic lower respiratory disease.

Stroke and cerebrovascular diseases.

Alzheimer’s disease.

Diabetes.

Influenza and pneumonia.More items…•.

What is the most deadliest animal in the world?

hippopotamusUngainly as it is, the hippopotamus is the world’s deadliest large land mammal, killing an estimated 500 people per year in Africa. Hippos are aggressive creatures, and they have very sharp teeth. And you would not want to get stuck under one; at up to 2,750kg they can crush a human to death.

What was the first pandemic?

The earliest recorded pandemic happened during the Peloponnesian War. After the disease passed through Libya, Ethiopia and Egypt, it crossed the Athenian walls as the Spartans laid siege. As much as two-thirds of the population died.

What disease is similar to the bubonic plague?

In virtually every textbook the Bubonic Plague, which is spread by flea-ridden rats, is named as the culprit behind the chaos. But mounting evidence suggests that an Ebola-like virus was the actual cause of the Black Death and the sporadic outbreaks that occurred in the following 300 years.

What are the 6 causes of diseases?

Infectious diseases can be caused by:Bacteria. These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis.Viruses. Even smaller than bacteria, viruses cause a multitude of diseases ranging from the common cold to AIDS.Fungi. … Parasites.

What’s the best age to die?

A study of young and middle-aged people ages 18 to 64 found that 1 in 6 preferred to die before age 80. Those who did tended to hold more negative beliefs about what old age would be like. Still, the vast majority of people surveyed wanted to live a good long life and had sunnier expectations for their own old age.

Are there 39 categories of disease?

The most widely used classifications of disease are (1) topographic, by bodily region or system, (2) anatomic, by organ or tissue, (3) physiological, by function or effect, (4) pathological, by the nature of the disease process, (5) etiologic (causal), (6) juristic, by speed of advent of death, (7) epidemiological, and …

What are 5 diseases caused by viruses?

Examplesmeasles.rubella.chickenpox/shingles.roseola.smallpox.fifth disease.chikungunya virus infection.

Are diseases curable?

Some diseases can be cured. Others, like hepatitis B, have no cure. The person will always have the condition, but medical treatments can help to manage the disease. Medical professionals use medicine, therapy, surgery, and other treatments to help lessen the symptoms and effects of a disease.

How do you control diseases?

Preventing the Spread of Infectious DiseasesWash your hands often. … Get vaccinated. … Use antibiotics sensibly. … Stay at home if you have signs and symptoms of an infection. … Be smart about food preparation. … Disinfect the ‘hot zones’ in your residence. … Practice safer sex. … Don’t share personal items.More items…

How many major categories of sickness and disease are there?

There are 21 separate categories which encompass all diseases, conditions and areas of health. Each of the Health Categories includes research into both disease and normal function. e.g. studies of normal hepatic function and studies of liver cirrhosis will both be classified in the Oral and Gastrointestinal category.

What are the 7 diseases?

In the following pages, we present seven infections from the past that still plague us today.Pneumonic/Bubonic Plague. … Spanish and Swine Flu — H1N1. … Polio. … Chagas Disease. … Leprosy. … Hookworm. … Tuberculosis.

What are some human diseases?

Human diseaseCardiovascular disease.Mental disorder.Nervous system disease.Digestive system disease.Nutritional disease.Childhood disease and disorder.Respiratory disease.Blood disease.More items…•

What is the deadliest disease in history?

Cholera, bubonic plague, smallpox, and influenza are some of the most brutal killers in human history. And outbreaks of these diseases across international borders, are properly defined as pandemic, especially smallpox, which throughout history, has killed between 300-500 million people in its 12,000 year existence.

What has killed the most humans in history?

Wars and armed conflicts with highest estimated death tolls of 100,000 or moreEventLowest estimateHighest estimateWorld War II60,000,000118,357,000Three Kingdoms36,000,00040,000,000Mongol conquests30,000,00057,000,000European colonization of the Americas8,400,000138,000,00047 more rows

What animal kills the most humans?

MosquitoesListSource: CNETAnimalHumans killed per year1Mosquitoes1,000,0002Humans (homicides only)475,0003Snakes50,0007 more rows

What are 5 genetic diseases?

What You Need to Know About 5 Most Common Genetic DisordersDown Syndrome. Typically, the nucleus of an individual cell contains 23 pairs of chromosomes, but Down syndrome occurs when the 21st chromosome is copied an extra time in all or some cells. … Thalassemia. … Cystic Fibrosis. … Tay-Sachs disease. … Sickle Cell Anemia. … Learn More. … Recommended. … Sources.

What is the biggest killer in the world?

ischaemic heart diseaseThe world’s biggest killer is ischaemic heart disease, responsible for 16% of the world’s total deaths. Since 2000, the largest increase in deaths has been for this disease, rising by more than 2 million to 8.9 million deaths in 2019.

Which disease has no cure?

HIV/AIDS – No cure exists for HIV/AIDS, but medication exists that can help control the symptoms of it. Huntington’s disease – Inherited disease that causes the progressive breakdown (degeneration) of nerve cells in the brain. Hydrocephalus – No cure exists for this (physical)neurological disorder.

What viruses have we eradicated?

Two infectious diseases have successfully been eradicated: smallpox and rinderpest. There are also four ongoing programs, targeting poliomyelitis, yaws, dracunculiasis, and malaria.

How many diseases are in the human body?

There are four main types of disease: infectious diseases, deficiency diseases, hereditary diseases (including both genetic diseases and non-genetic hereditary diseases), and physiological diseases. Diseases can also be classified in other ways, such as communicable versus non-communicable diseases.